The museum is divided into two building the old and the new, the latter being built to house the 5 m (16 ft) colossal Kouros that was found at Heraion dating back to 580 BC The museum also houses many treasures brought by the far flung Hera cult followers, one of the richest collections of small votive offerings in Greece.
The tunnel of Ephpalineo is in fact a 1,040m (3,410 ft) aqueduct, one of the most significant engineering feats of the ancient world and one of Samos attractions that you should visit. Designed by the engineer Eupalinos and built by 14,000 of slaves between 529 and 524 BC, the tunnel guaranteed the ancient city of Samos (now where Pythagorion is located) a water supply in times of siege. The reason that this was such a significant feat of engineering was because 7,000 slaves started tunneling from the side of the mountain where the spring was located and 7,000 started tunneling on the side where the city was located. When they met, almost exactly half way through the mountain, their vertical error was nil! visitors can walk along part of the tunnel, which on a hot summers day is a blessing as the tunnel acts like a natural air conditioning unit!
This has been the site of many temples worshiping Hera, the last being built under the order of Polycrates in 525 BC, the largest temple in Greece. Despite the diligence of the 20th Century German excavations much of the sanctuary is confusing, since during the Byzantine and medieval period masons used the ready cut marble of the temple to use in their new buildings leaving only one column that stands to this day. Early in the 5th century, Christian masons built a basilica dedicated to a new mother figure; the virgin Mary. The foundations of the basilica lie east of the Great temple of Hera.
Also one of the must-see attractions in Samos while you are on the Island. The bronze statue is located on the East side of the harbor.
Follow the path leading from the main road and you will reach the 11th century church of the Metamorphoses, the oldest church on the island. further up the trail are the waterfalls. For the adventurous ensure that you take swimwear with you, for the best way to ascend the gorge is by swimming and climbing up the waterfalls.
According to tradition this cave gave refuge to Pythagoras when he was being pursued by the tyrant of the island Polykrates.
Taking its name from the 40 steps that lead up to the cave, inside there is the chapel of Panaghia the Faneromeni, a cistern that fills with water from stalactites and a narrow gorge.
The highest mountain on the island, 1440 meters high, it dominates the western part of the island.
Located 12 km from Vathy, the beautiful beach of Tsamadou has crystal clear water, pebble beach and several tavernas.
Is a beautiful sandy beach located approximately 15 km from Samos town on the East side of the Island. The beach has a very gradual slope into the sea, making it a popular attraction for families. Psili Ammos is also the unexpected winter home to migrating flamingos that arrive in Mid December and stay until early spring.